According to a recent article by CNN, “[this is] the fifth consecutive season that at least 30 inches of snow have fallen in New York City. The only other recorded time it snowed this much, for this long a period, was back in the 1880s (Enten)”. With increased rates of snowfall and ice on the roads, drivers living in New York City have to be very careful while they brave their morning commute.
If you’ve been living in New York City for the past few years, you may have experienced the largest snowstorm in the history of the city; in January 2016, New York City experienced a 27.5-inch snowstorm and the only subzero temperature since 1994. The National Weather Service is warning people to exercise extreme caution due to record levels of snowfall and inclement weather. Naturally, citizens need to take extra precautions during the winter months due to dangerous conditions on the road.
More Snow More Problems
Remember this: when the road is icy and/or wet, it takes a much longer time to come to a complete stop in a motor vehicle. By not leaving enough space in front of their car, a driver will not have enough time to break in the event of a sudden stop. This can lead to the driver losing control of the vehicle, which can result in a rear-end collision. These types of accidents can be mitigated if drivers leave enough extra space between their automobile and the automobile in front of them. It’s a simple equation that far too many people do not seem to follow: more space equates to more reaction time.
Winter Driving Tips
There are quite a few strategies you can use to lower your risk of a car accident in New York City during the winter months.
- Accelerate and decelerate slowly. If you accelerate or slam on the breaks too quickly on an icy patch, it can send your car spinning. Remember, inclement weather will increase brake time.
- Your margin of safety between cars should increase. If you are driving on the highway, allow yourself a breaking distance of 7-10 seconds from the car in front of you. When it is not icy out and visibility is ideal, the recommended time is 3-4 seconds.
- Keep your gas tank at least half full at all times. This will help avoid a gas line freeze.
- Regardless of the weather, always wear a seatbelt and encourage your passengers to do the same.
- That text or phone call can wait. According to the Department of Motor Vehicles, 9 people in the U.S. are killed each day as a result of crashes involving a distracted driver.
Automobile Accident Attorneys in New York City
Even if you follow every safety precaution recommended, there is always a chance that another driver could rear-end your vehicle. With record levels of snowfall and a record number of miles driven in the U.S. last year, the occurrence of automobile accidents is not on the decline. If you’ve been involved in an automobile accident in New York City, Argyopoulos & Associates is here to represent you. With over 27 years of legal practice, we have the experience needed to settle any legal conundrum. If you need representation, contact us today to speak with an attorney.
12 states are known as something called “no-fault” states due to mandatory requirements for Personal Injury Protection (PIP) insurance. New York is a state that participates in this law. In the large majority of other states, this is not the case. Generally speaking, the at-fault driver is responsible for the damages caused in a car crash, with their bodily injury liability and property damage liability covering the other driver’s medical expenses and car repairs. This is not the case in New York, where the law is a ‘no-fault”. The extent of liability and pay-outs can widely vary depending on the state and having a lawyer that knows the law is an absolute must.
Do I need a lawyer if I live in a no-fault State?
If you were inured in a car accident in New York, we still recommend hiring an experienced attorney to represent you. Your Personal Injury Protection (PIP) claim is what you must file after the incident occurs, as the PIP claim is what your auto insurance uses to help with the payment of lost wages, medical bills and other damages after a car accident. This can be an incredibly trying time, regardless of who was at fault. Knowing the law is key, as things can become complicated very quickly.
Often times, submitting a claim can feel like a shot in the dark. Did you complete the form right? Should you have given a statement? What if you were at fault? Knowing what to say, or having someone to represent you can be the difference between an unpaid claim and thousands of dollars. We’d like to think that your insurance company will pay for all the damages incurred, but as we often see, insurance companies put their bottom line ahead of the needs of their customers. This is why you need to hire an experienced automobile accident lawyer in New York if you’ve been injured.
The types of damages can vary and always depend on the extent of the crash and the injuries that were suffered. These are the common types of damages that we look for when investigating your case:
- Wrongful death
- Emotional Distress
- Pain and suffering
- Lost wages as a result of the injury
- Compensation for medical bills accrued due to the injury
No-fault auto law
In New York, you must go after the ‘pain and suffering’ category by pursuing that at-fault driver’s insurance. This law was meant to help streamline the process for smaller accidents, as you cannot make a claim for ‘pain and suffering’ with your own car insurance. There are a few requirements that you have to meet when filing for this type of injury, such as substantial disability, disfigurement, bone fracture/breakage, and/or a certain amount reached in medical expenses. For example, if you break your leg in a car accident and it’s not your fault, filing a third-party claim or personal injury lawsuit is a must if you want to obtain all the money you are entitled to. Pain and suffering is not covered in a no-fault claim in New York. Your only option is to bring a claim directly against the at-fault driver.
Auto accident attorney in Astoria, New York
If you’ve been injured in a car accident in New York, contact Argyropoulos and Associates today. Having celebrated over 27 years of legal practice, we have the experience and knowledge needed to help you get every single penny you deserve. Often times, automobile insurers will try to get out of paying for everything that they are accountable for. We can help you detail the full extent of your injuries to help you obtain the maximum payout. We highly recommend that you call a lawyer before you make a statement and start the claim process.
Slip and fall injuries are not just something to just laugh at. A fall that goes wrong may cause broken bones, internal bleeding, spinal injury or even brain damage! If someone slips and falls, just because they can get up afterwards isn’t a sign that they’re fine – for all we know the pain is hiding in cracked bones or a concussion. If someone slips and falls inside your home or place of business, does this make you automatically liable?
Maybe yes, maybe no. There is a Reasonable Expectation Not to Be Injured whenever a person enters someone else’s property with the owner’s permission. Incidents like slip and fall injuries or being hit by falling objects, being attacked by dogs or other pets, accidents involving amusement park rides, being injured inside a restaurant, etc., may fall under Premises Liability.
The Implied Promise of Premises Liability
Employers are held liable for the actions of their employees, parents for their children, pet owners for their pets, and property owners for the conditions of their property.
When someone is invited to a home or workplace, or appears there for a legal reason (like a courier delivering a package) there is an implied promise that the owner of the property has exerted a reasonable amount of care to assure the safety of their property for themselves and others. Property owners have the responsibility to minimize unsafe conditions. Inadequate lighting around stairs, unmarked slippery surfaces, ice and snow in the sidewalk, aggressive pets, and many other hazards could cause someone to slip and fall in surprise.
For example, if someone slips and falls on an unmarked wet floor, and your employees were negligent to inform about dangerous conditions (such as leaving a sign or cordoning off the area), you will likely be ordered to compensate them for their pain and medical bills. Unsecured equipment on rollers are another likely culprit. Malfunctioning air conditioning equipment and vents that drip water are classic examples of open-and-shut personal injury claims.
However, there are exceptions to slip and fall cases.
Limits on Premises Liability
- Restricted Areas
Clearly marked restricted areas such as kitchens, industrial workplaces, or private workshops, generally will not make you liable for accidents suffered by visitors that should not be there.
There is, instead, an expectation of danger for people who are not authorized personnel. Such areas should be clearly marked or you would still be held liable for the mistake.
People who enter your property without permission do not generally have the protection of the implied expectation not to get injured. However, if you have a serious property hazard and fail to leave a warning, you may still be held liable because the hazard would also be a danger to allowed visitors.
- Unforeseeability and Prevention
If you have already exercised all reasonable steps to secure your property and mark unsafe areas, you are not liable for freak accidents that could not have been anticipated.
For example, at a party a guest spills a drink and someone slips, the fault falls on the person that caused said accident. But if they tripped and fell from a loose rug, you are the one at fault. If someone from outside throws something that lands inside your property and causes someone to lose their footing, you could not have predicted that.
- Self-Inflicted Injuries
While people have an expectation not to get injured, they also should have a general awareness to protect themselves. They should not engage in activities that would prevent them from noticing the hazard – like texting or talking on their cellphone while walking, or ignoring adequate warning signs and safety measures. As noted in 1) and 2), they should also have lawful access or a legitimate reason to be in a dangerous or restricted area.
Proving Negligence and Liability
Only when it can be proven that the property owner or their representatives failed to act prudently to reduce potential hazards will a slip and fall claim will be granted in states that follow Contributory Negligence rules. Other states allow Comparative Negligence, in which the claimant’s damages are reduced by how much they contributed to causing their injuries.
Consult with your attorney as soon as possible to know if your actions could mark a form of negligence that would impact the claim.
If you are living and working in New York, chances are high that you are covered by your employer’s workers’ compensation insurance. If you’ve been injured on the job or have been diagnosed with an occupational disease, your claim should be approved. The issue arises when compensation is denied, as coverage is not automatically guaranteed in all cases. We often have clients come to us with a denied claim; there can be a variety of reasons for why the claim was denied:
- The insurance company deemed the injury was non work-related
- The insurance company or employer argued that the worker was under the influence of alcohol and/or other drugs at the time of the incident
- The employee is not covered by their insurance
- The employee intentionally injured him/herself or intended to injure another
- The illness afflicted was deemed not an occupational disease
- The insurance company simply does not want to pay out and has an expert lawyer on the other end of the claim
There are a few things that you can do if your Workers’ Compensation Claim was denied.
Denied Workers Compensation Claim in New York
If you receive a decision by the New York State Workers’ Compensation Board that is not in your favor and is not justified, there are actions that you can take. What are your options? You can file an appeal with the Worker’s Compensation Board to the commissioners of the board, outlining the reasons why you think the judge made a mistake when dealing with your case. You must file the appeal within 30 days of the decision. Look for the filing of the notice, also known as the “control date” on the bottom of the decision.
If the appeal is denied again, you may ask for a full board review of the matter and even contact the 3rd department, which is a court system that oversees the entire Workers’ Compensation Board. The commissioners of the board that deal with Workers’ Compensation claim may decide to hold a hearing or series of hearings that will be heard by an experienced attorney that deals with workers’ compensation. The judge will re-review the case and decide whether or not the claimant should receive the benefits. Either side has the right to appeal the decision within 30 days and you always have the right to an attorney during any point in this process.
Workers’ Compensation Attorneys in New York
There are options that you have if your workers’ compensation claim has been denied in New York. If the judge does not rule in your favor, there are many avenues of defense that you can take to help the next hearing run smoothly. Having an experienced attorney that has dealt with hundreds of workers’ comp claims is highly recommended if your claim was denied at any point in the process. At Argyropoulos and Associates, we have a proven track record of getting our clients the money they deserve, even after their claim has been denied. Work related injuries can be frightening. Having your claim denied can be even more frustrating. We have the compassion and diligence needed to help guide any worker through the process. Contact us today if you would like us to represent you or if you have any questions regarding your workers’ compensation claim.
Many industry professionals involved in the workers’ compensation industry will focus their time and effort on litigation, settlement procedures, and regulatory initiatives. Claims management is important, but many people don’t think about what happens after the case is settled. When a worker who has been injured on the job settles their case, it can have profound effects on their own life, as well as those involved in the workers’ compensation system.
Settling a Case
If an individual chooses to settle his/her workers’ compensation case, this usually means that they are agreeing to a lump sum or annuity payment. This releases the insurance company from being financially responsible for future medical payments. Some states may require the insurer to continue weekly or monthly paid medical benefits, while others allow insurers to terminate medical benefits upon settlement of a workers’ case. Always be sure to read the terms of a settlement very carefully. If you agree to a lump sum, these funds usually represent the future value of ongoing benefits and usually the cost of future medical treatment related to the injury. It is incredibly important that you and your lawyer calculate and understand the cost of future medical treatments related to your injury. Keep in mind how the settlement could interact with government benefits such as social security, short-term/long-term disability and Medicare/Medicaid. This can be a trying life experience for anyone and can be very confusing and challenging for an injured worker if they are unrepresented.
The Pros and Cons of Settling your Workers’ Comp Case
If an injured worker chooses to settle a workers’ comp case, knowing the possible pros and cons of the decision is necessary. Settlement can be an appealing option for a number of reasons:
· Less restrictive treatment: The freedom to see any doctor or specialist with the money acquired through the settlement may make a workers’ life easier. Often times, doctors that are assigned to a case through the workers’ compensation system can be very far away from your house. This can be exhausting, especially if you have a major, debilitating injury.
· Living life outside the workers’ compensation program: Ending a case can represent a life changing moment. The worker will have a much larger future responsibility, but will also be free from future court dates, required doctor’s visits and state mandated supervision.
· Turning a new leaf: Putting the case behind them, settling the case and focusing on their health can help workers move on with their life. It can represent a fresh start.
Settlements can also be a trying time for an afflicted worker:
· Freedom is a double-edge sword: Once a worker settles a case, they have the freedom to choose their own doctor and health care professionals. However, once the case is settled, changes occur: their adjuster, attorney, support from the system, nurse case manager and other health care professionals must step away. This can leave an injured worker feeling lost, as they may have been relying on the system for an extended period of time.
· Cost of treatment may increase: Employers utilize the workers’ compensation program to receive generous discounts on medical treatment and pharmaceuticals to assist injured workers. This may mean that the cost of medication could increase. Make sure that you take this into account when settling a case. This can leave many workers feeling uncertain about their financial future.
· Added responsibilities with a Medicare Set Aside (MSA): About 45% of total submitted settlements will settle with MSA. This includes added responsibilities required by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) in order to remain compliant.
Medicare Set Aside
There are many requirements for an MSA if an injured worker decides to settle a case. These requirements consist of:
1. A new bank account
The CMS requires that all funds received for an MSA must be deposited into a separate FDIC-insured interest-bearing bank account. In the past, many workers would put their funds from the settlement into a regular checking or savings account. It can become difficult to tell the difference between MSA funds and personal funds if a worker does this. A worker may accidentally pay their cable bill with MSA funds, which can complicate end of year reporting and taxes.
2. Funds for Medicare-covered expenses only
Since MSA is money set aside specifically for future medical treatment on Medicare-covered items, it must be spent in a way that protects Medicare’s interest. Sometimes drug codes and treatment codes can be confusing and this confusion can result in someone falling out of compliance. Know the drug codes and take measures to be compliant.
3. A new schedule
Injured workers that have an MSA typically pay full price. CMS requires that treatments be paid at a state fee schedule, meaning an incredibly difficult and and unknown process usually awaits them. Injured workers with an MSA are also required to keep track of every single expense made with their MSA funds. Every detail must be recorded and sent to the CMS for inspection. This can be as complicated as filing taxes, as there are funding report guidelines and additional depletion reports to file if a worker exhausts their funds each year.
Settling your Workers’ Compensation Case: Resources after the Fact
If an injured worker feels lost after settling their case, there are some resources that are available to help assist in the process. Accessing the CMS website can grant a worker a plethora of information, including a 31-page CMS Self-Administration Toolkit. This provides the guidelines and examples that are needed to successfully report MSA funds. CMS highly recommends a personal administrator to assist in managing and reporting MSA funds if a worker decides to settle.
Weighing the pros and cons of a settlement can be incredibly confusing and conflicting for an injured worker. It is necessary to fully and completely understand what it means to settle a case before a worker decided to settle theirs.